In Node JS HTML to PDF conversion, Populate Images From URLs

Using axios and base64 conversion

In continuation of my previous post Convert HTML to PDF in Node JS without headless browser, I will show you how can we can fetch the images from URL, convert them into base64 string, and populate them in the HTML that is then converted into PDF.

The Code

First, install the required packages:

npm i html-to-pdfmake jsdom pdfmake axios

Then run the following code script with node to download the example-image.pdf file that contains the image:

(You can also get the code from Github repo.)

const pdfMake = require("pdfmake/build/pdfmake");
const pdfFonts = require("pdfmake/build/vfs_fonts");
pdfMake.vfs = pdfFonts.pdfMake.vfs;
const fs = require("fs");
const jsdom = require("jsdom");
const { JSDOM } = jsdom;
const { window } = new JSDOM("");
const htmlToPdfMake = require("html-to-pdfmake");
const axios = require("axios");

async function imageUrlToBase64(url) {
  try {
    const response = await axios.get(url, {
      responseType: "arraybuffer",

    const contentType = response.headers["content-type"];

    const base64String = `data:${contentType};base64,${Buffer.from(

    return base64String;
  } catch (err) {

const imageUrl = "";

let HTML = `
  <h1>This below image is downloaded from <a href="" target="_blank">LoremFlickr</a> on Node js with axios and converted to PDF!</h1>   
  <img src="${imageUrl}" alt="LoremFlickr Random Image" width="400" height="400">

async function start() {
  HTML = HTML.replace(
    await imageUrlToBase64(imageUrl)

  const html = htmlToPdfMake(HTML, {

  const docDefinition = {
    content: [html],
    // pageOrientation: "landscape",

  const pdfDocGenerator = pdfMake.createPdf(docDefinition);
  pdfDocGenerator.getBuffer(function (buffer) {
    fs.writeFileSync("example-image.pdf", buffer);


Note the imageUrlToBase64 method copied from bobbyhadz blog. It downloads the image from URL into buffer and then gives out a base64 string.

Later on, we replace the image URL in the HTML file with base64 string, and create a pdf with the help of pdfMake.createPdf.

The example uses LoremFlickr link which gives a new image each time. The generated PDF will look something like this:

Example Image PDF
Fig. Example Image PDF

nodejs  script  pdf 

See also

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